Canine Diseases, Canine Parvovirus, Parvovirus Vaccine, Dog Fecal Contamination, bloody diarrhea for dog.

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Canine Parvovirus

This is one of the newest viruses to hit the dog world. It was first discovered in 1978 in the United States. This new virus comes on like a ton of bricks. The symptoms are sudden, explosive, watery, foul, and bloody diarrhea that won't respond to any medical treatment. There are generally high fevers and acute abdominal pain.

Vomiting is also persistent. This virus is highly contagious through fecal contamination and is thought to be a major factor in fading puppy syndrome, where newborns die within their first week of life for unknown reasons.

Dogs with parvovirus almost always require hospitalization for at least a few days. During this time, they are fed intravenous fluids (as their stomachs can't handle anything at all, even water!), and they may even get a blood transfusion to boost their immunity. Medications will be given to try and reduce the vomiting, keep inflammation to a minimum, and fight off bacteria taking advantage of the disruption in intestinal defenses.

This virus is quite tough and can survive in the environment for up to a year in the right conditions. It is important to be very thorough in cleaning and disinfecting any surfaces, crates, blankets, bowls, and toys that come in contact with a dog infected with parvovirus.

Once again, proper vaccinations can be lifesavers in the fight against this disease. Puppies should receive parvovirus vaccine in their initial puppy series with a booster at one year.