Canine Diseases, Leptospirosis, loss of appetite, nose bleeds, abdominal pain, uveitis.

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Leptospirosis is a bacterial disease transmitted by contact with the urine of an infected dog, rat, or any other wildlife. Infected puppies have body aches, high fever (102-104F) vomiting, loss of appetite, nose bleeds, abdominal pain, uveitis (inflammation of the inside eye), liver enlargement, blood in stool, and jaundice (a yellowing of the mucus membranes and skin). If the case is severe, the dog may die suddenly. More commonly, the cases are milder and chronic.

Since leptospirosis is a bacteria, it does respond to antibiotics. The commonly used medications are tetracycline and doxycycline. It is important that treatment be started right way to avoid permanent liver or kidney damage. Your veterinarian may prescribe a fairly long course of antibiotics to try and prevent a chronic carrier state.

Your dog also needs supportive care. If she is very ill, she may be hospitalized with intravenous fluids, vitamins, and medications. Depending on the possibility of liver or kidney damage, specific medications will be administered to assist in healing those organs. Very ill dogs need warmth and treatment for shock with fluids and medications.

Because leptospirosis has become so widespread, it can difficult to avoid coming in contact with this bacteria. Many new housing developments have flourishing wildlife.

Populations that adapt well being near people and their pets. There is a new vaccine for preventing leptospirosis. While previous vaccines had a fairly high risk of allergic responses, the new vaccines are much better.