Dog Health Care, Spaying and Neutering, Advantages of Spaying, Prostatic diseases, Neuter Surgery.

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Spaying and Neutering

Spaying is the removal of the female's uterus and ovaries. Neutering is the removal of the male's testicles, to prevent the production of sperm. Traditionally, spay/neuter surgery is performed just at or before the onset of puberty. Many veterinarians like to schedule spay/neuter surgery at five or six months of age, when puppy vaccinations have been completed.

Advantages of Spaying

  • No more messy heat cycles.
  • No chance of breeding or pregnancy.
  • You avoid the behavioral changes (restlessness, aggression, roaming, and whining) during heat cycles.
  • The lack of estrogen hormone prevents breast cancer later in life. Bitches spayed before their second heat cycle have a 95 percent reduction in mammary carcinoma, as compared with intact bitches.
  • There is no chance of ovarian, uterine, or cervical cancer.
  • You're doing your part to prevent the surplus of unwanted puppies.

Advantages of Neutering

  • Once the testicles are removed, the hormone testosterone disappears and with it the male behavior many people find objectionable such as lifting the hind leg to urinate and "mark" his territory, male aggression, male dominance and territorial behavior, roaming to find a mate, and mounting objects and people.
  • Testicular cancer is prevented.
  • All prostatic diseases, such as cancer, prostatic enlargement, and prostatitis (infection of the prostate) are prevented.
  • Most people find a neutered male a better house pet, especially if they have young children.
  • You're doing your part in preventing the surplus of unwanted puppies.

Disadvantages of Spaying and Neutering

  • Weight gain is common because the base metabolism is lower.
  • You cannot ever breed or show a spayed or neutered animal.
  • Some people notice a reduction in activity after the operation.